PERFORMANCE OF A BIOGAS RUN PETROL  ENGINE FOR SMALL SCALE POWER GENERATOR

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PERFORMANCE OF A BIOGAS RUN PETROL  ENGINE FOR SMALL SCALE POWER GENERATOR

The use of biogas as an alternative fuel in a 1.5 kW portable electric generator run by a SI (spark ignition) engine was studied, keeping engine modifications to a minimum. The biogas was produced synthetically using a mixture of line supply of natural gas and a regulated flow of carbon-di-oxide from a cylinder. The engine performance was studied using proportional mixtures of the two gases having 55%, 60%, 65 % and 70 % methane contents by volume that simulate a range of biogas sources. Maximum output power was reduced by 20 % with biogas having about 60 % methane content. The brake specific fuel consumption (bsfc) values were comparatively high due to CO2 in biogas but overall peak efficiencies were comparable with petrol. Such performance with a reduced maximum load capacity was only possible if the methane content of the biogas used were 60 % or more. The findings of this study may have potential significance regarding small-scale power generation in agricultural and poultry firms, using biogas plants

 

TABLE OF CONTENT

Title Page———i

Certification——–ii

Dedication———iii

Acknowledgement——-iv

Abstract ———vi

Table of Content——–vii

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction ——-1

1.1 Statement of Problem——4

1.2 Purpose of the Study——5

1.3 Significance of Study——8

1.4 Limitation——–9

1.5 Scope of Study——-11

Chapter Two

2.0 Review of Related Literature —-12

2.1 The Meaning of Drug Abuse—–13

2.2 The Problem of Drug Abuse—–13

2.3 Disadvantage of Drug Abuse—-14

2.4 Normal Ways of Drug use—–15

2.5 Common Ways of Drug Abuse—-17

2.6 Summary of Literature Review—- 19

Chapter Three

3.0 Research Methodology and Procedure—22

3.1 Population ——–22

3.2 Sample and Sampling Technique—-22

3.3 Validation of the Instrument —-23

3.4 Reliability of the Instrument —–23

3.5 Data Analysis——-23

Chapter Four

4.0 Presentation and Discussion of Result—24

4.1 Analysis and Interpretation of Data—25

4.2 Discussion of Results——38

Chapter Five

5.0 Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation –40

5.1 Summary——–40

5.2 Conclusion——–41

5.3 Recommendation——42

References ———45

Appendix 1——–47

Appendix ———50

PERFORMANCE OF A BIOGAS RUN PETROL  ENGINE FOR SMALL SCALE POWER GENERATOR,

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