AN ASSESSMENT OF THE CHALLENGES AND SOLUTION OF THE TEACHING AND LEARNING GEOGRAPHY IN SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOL IN KANO

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AN ASSESSMENT OF THE CHALLENGES AND SOLUTION OF THE TEACHING AND LEARNING GEOGRAPHY IN SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOL IN KANO

Abstract

The study investigated the problems and prospect of teaching geography in secondary schools. This study became necessary because of the unavailability of instructional materials for teaching geography in the secondary schools. The study employed a quasi experimental design, specifically the pretest – posttest non equivalent group design. Three  hundred and forty SSI students from NassarawaEducation Zone were randomly drawn from public primary schools in Kano State to formed sample of the study. questionnaire.

 

Research questions were answered and hypotheses were tested using chi-square. The results revealed that that the qualities of geography teacher have a significant effect in the teaching and learning of geography and attitude of students towards the teaching and learning of geography, affects students academic achievemen.

Based on the findings of this study, the researcher therefore recommendation that the effective teaching and learning of geography should be encouraged by the teachers, the school authority and the Nigeria government at all level. By providing all the required equipment & facilities such as seat, instructional media,  conducive classroom and good textbooks. Geography textbook should provided free and available to all student at all secondary level of education.

 

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Geography education was introduced in the Nigerian School Curriculum as part of the instrument for achieving national development (National Policy on Education (NPE) 1981). This was what informed its designation as part of the core curriculum at different levels of education in Nigeria. problems and prospects geography education curriculum development agencies such as the Nigerian Educational Research and Development Council (NERDC) and experts further identified and disseminated the curriculum goals or purposes of the subject in the school curriculum. These include citizenship education, reflective inquiry and geography education, (Barth-shermis, 1920; Barth-Norris, 1976; Dubey and Barth, 1980; Olawepo, 1984) among others. These broadly stated goals must be clare to, and recognized as important as well as attainable by teachers and other participants connected with the Curriculum if the intentions or purposes must be realized and the investment of effort is to be considered worthwhile (Feather, 1982; Meece, Blumenfeld, & Hoyle, 1988). These intentions or purposes are prima facie stated with clarity, but their perception or conceptualization by teachers and scholars is still in doubt as Onyabe (1980) observed that the philosophy, content and methodology of geography education has remained vague to both scholars and teachers. The incidence of conflicting conceptions of geography education curriculum is a cause for concern for three major reasons. First, the anchor or strategic position of purposes or intentions in the curriculum development process (Pratt, 1994) as illustrated in Tyler (1949) (Linear) and Wheeler (1980) (cyclic) curriculum models, among others.problems and prospects

Secondly, curriculum goals or purposes, are indispensable elements in instructions as far as effective implementation of an already developed curriculum is concerned. Thirdly, the correct conception, investment of efforts and ultimate realization of the purposes of the curriculum will facilitate the realization of the overall aims of the Nigerian educational enterprise. problems and prospects

1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

Presently, senior secondary school students interest and academic achievement in geography education is declining. Lemchi (2001) noted that some students are losing interest in the subject.

Attitudes associated with geography education appear to affect students performance in the subject. Also, many geography education teachers teach geography education without instructional materials and facilities (Mberengwa 2004). The quality of teachers, and class room facilities are grossly inadequate and obsolete. Owolabi et al. (1991) also indicated that a serious disconnection exists between geography education training in secondary schools and the needs of the labour market, as students that do not proceed to higher education have been found to be incompetent in the field of work. Where students consistently perform poorly, the implication is that adequate teaching and learning has not taken place in schools. Therefore, the problem of this study is to examine the problems of teaching and learning of geography education in secondary schools in Kano State.

1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

The main purpose of this study is to examine the problems of teaching and learning of geography education in Senior Secondary Schools in Kano State, Nigeria. Specifically, this study sought to:

1.Find out the extent to which students attitudes constitute problems to the teaching and learning of geography education.
2.Assess the extent to which teacher quality and quantity constitute problems to the teaching and learning of geography education.
3.Find out the extent to which instructional materials constitute problems to the teaching and learning of geography education.
4.Determine the extent to which curriculum issues pose problems to the teaching/learning of geography education.

 

1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS

The following research questions were formulated to guide the study:

To what extent do attitudes of Kano State Senior Secondary Schools Students constitute problems to the teaching of geography education?
To what extent to teacher quality and quantity cause problems to the teaching of geography education?

To what extent do instructional materials pose problems to the teaching and learning of geography education?

To what extent do curriculum issues pose problems to the teaching and learning of geography education?

 

RESEARCH  HYPOTHESIS

H0(1).The qualities of teachers teaching geography would have no significant effect in the teaching and learning of geography.

H0(2).Attitudes of students toward teaching and learning of geography would have no significant impact on students’ performance

H0(3)The environment would have no significant effect on the learning of geography

H0(4)The time allocated to the teaching of geography has no significant relationship with the use of instructional material

 

 

1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The study gives various insights into the challenges of teaching geography education in senior secondary schools in Nigeria. These highlighted challenges will enable stakeholders in the education sector to take adequate measures in tackling these challenges, and make learning of geography education a lot easier for both teachers and students in senior secondary school levels. problems and prospects

 

1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY

This study covers the challenges and prospects of teaching geography education at senior secondary schools in Nigeria using Kano state as a case study. Findings and recommendations for the study may not reflect the true view of the challenges of teaching geography education in  Nigeria, as the researcher could not cover a wider area in Nigeria due to time and financial constraints,  problems and prospects

1.7 LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY

There are some limiting factors which influence the researcher effort towards developing this work (project). The most prevailing being time factor as other school extra curricula activities that had to be met with teaching geography education

 

AN ASSESSMENT OF THE CHALLENGES AND SOLUTION OF THE TEACHING AND LEARNING GEOGRAPHY IN SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOL IN KANO

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