ASSESSMENT OF AWARENESS, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE TOWARDS OBSERVATION OF RETINOBLASTOMA AMONG MOTHERS OF UNDER-FIVE CHILDREN IN KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA

 

ABSTRACT

 

This study assessed awareness, attitude and practice towards observation of retinoblastoma among four hundred (400) mothers of under-five children in Kaduna State, Nigeria. The study employed descriptive survey research design. The population of the study comprised of all mothers of under-five children in Kaduna State which are 2,050,608. Three specific purposes, research questions and hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. A multi-stage sampling technique comprising of systematic, simple random, purposive and proportionate sampling technique was used in selecting the required number of respondents for the study as stated above. Four hundred (400) copies of the researcher-developed questionnaire were distributed using simple random sampling technique, of which 374 (93.5%) were retrieved and considered valid for the study. Data collected was analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 20. Frequency and simple percentages were used to describe the demographic characteristics of the respondents, while mean and standard deviations were used to answer the research questions. Inferential statistics of one-sample t-test was used to test the formulated hypotheses at 0.05 alpha level of significance. The findings of the study revealed that awareness of retinoblastoma among mothers of under-five children in Kaduna State was significant (t=29.730, p= 0.001), Attitude towards observation of retinoblastoma was also shown to be significant (t=19.327, p=0.001) and practice towards observation of retinoblastoma among mothers of under-five children was also significant (t=22.498, p=0.001). In conclusion, the study showed that mothers of under-five children are aware of retinoblastoma, have positive attitude towards observation of retinoblastoma and also have adequate practice towards observation of retinoblastoma. It was therefore recommended that health care workers should at all time give health talks on retinoblastoma to mothers of under-five children during their usual ante and post-natal days so as to further enlighten and help sustain their awareness of the disease. It was furthermore recommended that administrators of crèche and nursery schools should conduct periodic eye examination and screening in their schools as part of their school health services. This is for the purpose of screening for retinoblastoma since the age group predisposed to this cancer are mainly pre-school age children.

 

ASSESSMENT OF AWARENESS, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE TOWARDS OBSERVATION OF RETINOBLASTOMA AMONG MOTHERS OF UNDER-FIVE CHILDREN IN KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA

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