PREVALENCE OF URINARY TRACT INFECTION AND IT’S RISKS FACTOR AMONG SECONDARY STUDENTS

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PREVALENCE OF URINARY TRACT INFECTION AND IT’S RISKS FACTOR AMONG SECONDARY STUDENTS

ABSTRACT

 

Urinary tract infection (UTI) represents a serious health problem in secondary school students. The severity of urinary tract infection depends both on the virulence of the bacteria and the susceptibility of the host. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of urinary tract infection and demographic differentials among secondary school students in Government Girls College Damaturu. The objectives were to determine the proportion of women who have UTI, identify the common causative organism and to determine difference in UTI occurrence among secondary school students based on demographic variables.  Two hundred and twenty-five secondary school students that attended antenatal clinic within the period of study were investigated. Personal data were collected using a structured questionnaire. Early morning midstream clean urine samples were collected from all participants who were willing to participate for diagnosis of UTI. Urine samples were cultured using standard loop technique on blood agar, cystein lactose electrolyte deficient medium agar and macconkey agar. The result revealed that a total of 117 (52%) out of the 225 women had UTI. The organism most implicated was E. Coli (30.7%). Higher parity and older maternal age were significantly associated with UTI among secondary school students (P < .05). Gestational age, maternal level of education and maternal economic status were not significantly associated with the occurrence of UTI among the secondary school students (P > .05). From the findings it was concluded that UTI occur in adolescent, affecting older women and those with more number of  children. Screening for UTI is important in every adolescent to reduce the incidence of  low  birth weight and prematurity and to also improve maternal and child health.

PREVALENCE OF URINARY TRACT INFECTION AND IT’S RISKS FACTOR AMONG SECONDARY STUDENTS

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