PREVALENCE, IDENTIFICATION AND GENETIC DIVERSITY OF EIMERIA SPECIES IN COMMERCIAL POULTRY FARMS IN ZARIA AND ENVIRONS, KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA

PREVALENCE, IDENTIFICATION AND GENETIC DIVERSITY OF EIMERIA SPECIES IN COMMERCIAL POULTRY FARMS IN ZARIA AND ENVIRONS, KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA   Abstract   The use of molecular technique is the most accurate and reliable way of identification and characterization of natural infection by Eimeria species in chickens. In Nigeria, information on the characterization of chicken Eimeria […]

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SEMEN CHARACTERISTICS, TESTICULAR HISTOLOGY AND HAEMATOLOGY OF YANKASA RAMS FED RATIONS OF WHOLE COTTONSEED AND COTTONSEED CAKE

SEMEN CHARACTERISTICS, TESTICULAR HISTOLOGY AND HAEMATOLOGY OF YANKASA RAMS FED RATIONS OF WHOLE COTTONSEED AND COTTONSEED CAKE   Abstract Cottonseed and its by-products are used extensively for supplementing ruminant rations to increase productivity. However, they contain gossypol which is a reproductive toxicant in males of both ruminant and non-ruminants. This study evaluated the effect of […]

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SURVEY FOR HEMATOPHAGOUS FLIES AND TRYPANOSOMA SPECIES IN IKARA AND KUBAU LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREAS, KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA

SURVEY FOR HEMATOPHAGOUS FLIES AND TRYPANOSOMA SPECIES IN IKARA AND KUBAU LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREAS, KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA   Abstract   A study of the species composition and distribution of hematophagous flies was conducted between dry and wet seasons, at Ikara and Kubau Local Government Areas, Kaduna State, using Biconical (Charlier and Laviessiere, 1973) and Nzi […]

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EVALUATION OF THE ANTI-ULCER PROPERTIES OF THE STEM-BARK EXTRACTS OF Khaya senegalensis (Desr.)

EVALUATION OF THE ANTI-ULCER PROPERTIES OF THE STEM-BARK EXTRACTS OF Khaya senegalensis (Desr.)   Abstract:   The aim of the study was to evaluate the antiulcer properties of the stem-bark extracts of Khaya senegalensis in albino rats. The fresh stem-bark of K. senegalensis was collected and made into powdered form using a mortar and pestle. […]

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ASSESSMENT OF DONKEYS (Equus asinus) EXPERIMENTALLY INFECTED WITH Trypanosoma brucei (Federe isolate) AND TREATED WITH HOMIDIUM CHLORIDE AND ISOMETAMIDIUM CHLORIDE

ASSESSMENT OF DONKEYS (Equus asinus) EXPERIMENTALLY INFECTED WITH Trypanosoma brucei (Federe isolate) AND TREATED WITH HOMIDIUM CHLORIDE AND ISOMETAMIDIUM CHLORIDE   Abstract: This study investigated the course of T. brucei (Federe isolate) experimental infection in donkeys and the therapeutic efficacy of two trypanocides against the infection. Twenty-eight apparently healthy donkeys (Equus asinus) of equal sexes, […]

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OCCURRENCE OF MASTITIS AND METHICILLIN RESISTANT STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS IN GOATS IN ZARIA, NIGERIA

OCCURRENCE OF MASTITIS AND METHICILLIN RESISTANT STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS IN GOATS IN ZARIA, NIGERIA   Abstract A cross sectional study was conducted to determine the occurrence of mastitis and \methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in milk samples obtained from lactating goats in Zaria, Kaduna state, Nigeria. The specific objectives of the study were to determine the […]

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EVALUATION OF BIOACTIVE METABOLITE CONTENT, MOSQUITO LARVICIDAL AND ANTI-PLASMODIAL ACTIVITIES OF SPIDER (NEOSCONIA ADIANTA) VENOM

EVALUATION OF BIOACTIVE METABOLITE CONTENT, MOSQUITO LARVICIDAL AND ANTI-PLASMODIAL ACTIVITIES OF SPIDER (NEOSCONIA ADIANTA) VENOM   CHAPTER ONE   1.0   INTRODUCTION   1.1   BACKGROUND   Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease of humans and other animals caused by eukaryotic protists of the genus Plasmodium. In humans the disease is transmitted by the female mosquito of […]

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PROSTAGLANDIN VERSUS PROGESTAGEN PROTOCOLS IN OESTRUS SYNCHRONIZATION IN THE YANKASA EWE

PROSTAGLANDIN VERSUS PROGESTAGEN PROTOCOLS IN OESTRUS SYNCHRONIZATION IN THE YANKASA EWE   Abstract   This study was carried out to compare the effects of prostaglandins (Lutalyse® and estroPLAN®) and progestagen (CIDR® and FGA-45®) in the synchronization of oestrus in Yankasa ewes. Cycling Yankasa ewes (n = 26), aged 1 to 4 years and weighing 14-28 […]

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HAEMATOLOGICAL VALUES, SEMEN CHARACTERISTICS AND GONADAL/EPIDIDYMAL SPERM RESERVES OF RABBIT BUCKS EXPERIMENTALLY INFECTED WITH TRYPANOSOMA BRUCEI BRUCEI OPALUWA

HAEMATOLOGICAL VALUES, SEMEN CHARACTERISTICS AND GONADAL/EPIDIDYMAL SPERM RESERVES OF RABBIT BUCKS EXPERIMENTALLY INFECTED WITH TRYPANOSOMA BRUCEI BRUCEI OPALUWA   Abstract This study was designed to determine the haematological values, semen characteristics, gonadal and epididymal sperm reserves of rabbit bucks experimentally infected with T. brucei brucei. Twenty healthy adult male rabbit bucks were randomly divided into […]

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EFFICACIES OF BUPARVAQUONE AND ISOMETAMIDIUM CHLORIDE IN THE TREATMENT OF EXPERIMENTAL TRYPANOSOMA EVANSI INFECTION IN DONKEYS

EFFICACIES OF BUPARVAQUONE AND ISOMETAMIDIUM CHLORIDE IN THE TREATMENT OF EXPERIMENTAL TRYPANOSOMA EVANSI INFECTION IN DONKEYS   Abstract   The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacies of Buparvaquone (an anti-theilerial drug) and Isometamidium chloride (a standard trypanocide) in the treatment of experimental Trypanosoma evansi infection in donkeys. Twenty four apparently healthy donkeys […]

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SEROLOGICAL AND MOLECULAR EPIDEMIOLOGY OF HEPATITIS E VIRUS IN PIGS, PLATEAU STATE, NIGERIA

SEROLOGICAL AND MOLECULAR EPIDEMIOLOGY OF HEPATITIS E VIRUS IN PIGS, PLATEAU STATE, NIGERIA   Abstract   Globally, there are increasing concerns for the public health implications of Hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection. The disease which was thought to be endemic only in African and Asian countries is now being established to be endemic in developed […]

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HAEMATOLOGICAL AND SERUM BIOCHEMICAL VALUES OF SOME SPECIES OF APPARENTLY HEALTHY FREE-LIVINGWILD BIRDS IN ZARIA, NIGERIA

HAEMATOLOGICAL AND SERUM BIOCHEMICAL VALUES OF SOME SPECIES OF APPARENTLY HEALTHY FREE-LIVINGWILD BIRDS IN ZARIA, NIGERIA   Abstract   This research was carried out to establish baseline haematological and serum biochemical parameters of some species of apparently healthy free-living wild birds in Zaria, Nigeria. A total of 240 free-living wild birds, belonging to 12 species, […]

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EPIDEMIOLOGY OF TUBERCULOSIS IN CATTLE AND HUMAN PATIENTS IN BORNO AND YOBE STATES, NIGERIA

EPIDEMIOLOGY OF TUBERCULOSIS IN CATTLE AND HUMAN PATIENTS IN BORNO AND YOBE STATES, NIGERIA   Abstract   Bovine tuberculosis has been on increasing concern and a threat to public health, especially in developing countries like Nigeria. This study was conducted in Borno and Yobe States, located in North Eastern Nigeria to study the epidemiology of […]

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MOLECULAR CHARACTERIZATION OF NEWCASTLE DISEASE VIRUS ISOLATES FROM CHICKENSIN ZARIA AND ITS ENVIRONS, KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA

MOLECULAR CHARACTERIZATION OF NEWCASTLE DISEASE VIRUS ISOLATES FROM CHICKENSIN ZARIA AND ITS ENVIRONS, KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA   Abstract   Newcastle disease virus (NDV) has a negative-sense,single-strand RNA genome.Although all NDVs are members of Avian Paramyxovirus-1 (APMV-1), antigenic and genetic diversity is recognized. Consequently, different genotypes of APMV-1 circulate in different parts of the world. Therefore, […]

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STUDIES ON MYCOFLORA AND MYCOTOXINS IN ACHA, MAIZE AND COTTON SEED

STUDIES ON MYCOFLORA AND MYCOTOXINS IN ACHA, MAIZE AND COTTON SEED IN PLATEAU STATE, NIGERIA   Abstract   The extracts of the A. quadrilineatus; the petroleum ether soluble extract (PER) and the petroleum ether defatted crude extract (PEDCR) were tested for acute and chronic toxicity in mice, chicks and cattle. The per os_LD50 of PER […]

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OXYTETRACYCLINE RESIDUES AND ANTIMICROBIAL DRUG RESISTANT ESCHERICHIA COLI IN RAW MILK FROM DAIRY FARMS IN KANO STATE, NIGERIA

OXYTETRACYCLINE RESIDUES AND ANTIMICROBIAL DRUG RESISTANT ESCHERICHIA COLI IN RAW MILK FROM DAIRY FARMS IN KANO STATE, NIGERIA   Abstract   The use of veterinary drugs in food animals may result in trace quantities of the drugs or their metabolites as residues in food. The aim of this study was to determine the occurrence and […]

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OCCURRENCE OF Escherichia coli O157:H7 ON CABBAGE, LETTUCE AND CARROT GROWN ON FARMS USING CATTLE MANURE AS FERTILIZER IN ZARIA, NIGERIA

OCCURRENCE OF Escherichia coli O157:H7 ON CABBAGE, LETTUCE AND CARROT GROWN ON FARMS USING CATTLE MANURE AS FERTILIZER IN ZARIA, NIGERIA   Abstract There have been a number of outbreaks associated with E. coli O157:H7, most of which are the result of consumption of contaminated fresh produce. In the present study, the occurrence of E. […]

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PREVALENCE AND ANTIBIOGRAM OF SALMONELLA SPECIES IN CATTLE CARCASSES SLAUGHTER FROM ZANGO ABATTOIR ZARIA, NIGERIA

PREVALENCE AND ANTIBIOGRAM OF SALMONELLA SPECIES IN CATTLE CARCASSES SLAUGHTER FROM ZANGO ABATTOIR ZARIA, NIGERIA   Abstract   Cross sectional study was conducted in Zango abattoir Zaria to determine the prevalence of Salmonella species in carcasses. A total of 200 pooled swab samples were collected from neck, brisket, flank and rump of cattle carcasses from […]

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EVALUATION OF THE EFFECT OF ALLIUM SATIVUM, LINN (GARLIC) IN THE PREVENTION OF PASTEURELLOSIS IN JAPANESE QUAILS

EVALUATION OF THE EFFECT OF ALLIUM SATIVUM, LINN (GARLIC) IN THE PREVENTION OF PASTEURELLOSIS IN JAPANESE QUAILS   Abstract   Indiscriminate use of antibiotic in animals and human to control bacterial disease create resistant bacteria. It is therefore imperative to seek alternative treatment for the control of Pasteurellosis caused by Pasteurella multocida mitltocida A:4 in […]

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SURVEILLANCE FOR AFRICAN SWINE FEVER AND CLASSICAL SWINE FEVER IN BENUE STATE, NIGERIA

SURVEILLANCE FOR AFRICAN SWINE FEVER AND CLASSICAL SWINE FEVER IN BENUE STATE, NIGERIA     CHAPTER ONE   INTRODUCTION   1.1 Background Information   African swine fever and classical swine fever are the two most feared and important contagious diseases of pigs worldwide (Penrith et al., 2011; Penrith et al., 2013) and are World Organization […]

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PREVENTIVE EFFECT OF FISETIN ON NEUROBEHAVIOURAL, OXIDATIVE STRESS AND HISTOPATHOLOGICAL CHANGES INDUCED BY SUBCHRONIC EXPOSURE TO CHLORPYRIFOS IN MALE ALBINO MICE

PREVENTIVE EFFECT OF FISETIN ON NEUROBEHAVIOURAL, OXIDATIVE STRESS AND HISTOPATHOLOGICAL CHANGES INDUCED BY SUBCHRONIC EXPOSURE TO CHLORPYRIFOS IN MALE ALBINO MICE Abstract Chlorpyrifos (CPF) is one of the common neurotoxicants in Nigeria and the world. Fisetin as an antioxidant (3,3′,4′,7tetrahydroxyflavone) has been used to ameliorate deleterious effects of various neurotoxicants. The aim of the study […]

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DIVERSITY OF YEASTS AND COLIFORMS ASSOCIATED WITH BOVINE SUBCLINICAL MASTITIS IN PERIURBAN DAIRY FARMS IN KADUNA METROPOLIS, KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA.

DIVERSITY OF YEASTS AND COLIFORMS ASSOCIATED WITH BOVINE SUBCLINICAL MASTITIS IN PERIURBAN DAIRY FARMS IN KADUNA METROPOLIS, KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA.   Abstract   This study aimed to examine the diversity of yeasts and coliforms associated with bovine subclinical mastitis in peri urban dairy farms in Kaduna Metropolis, Kaduna State, Nigeria, including the use of molecular […]

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